Internet-Draft HTTP SEARCH Method April 2021
Reschke, et al. Expires 17 October 2021 [Page]
Workgroup:
HTTP
Updates:
5323 (if approved)
Published:
Intended Status:
Standards Track
Expires:
Authors:
J. Reschke
greenbytes
A. Malhotra
J.M. Snell

HTTP SEARCH Method

Abstract

This specification updates the definition and semantics of the HTTP SEARCH request method originally defined by RFC 5323.

Editorial Note

Discussion of this draft takes place on the HTTP working group mailing list (ietf-http-wg@w3.org), which is archived at https://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/ietf-http-wg/.

This note is to be removed before publishing as an RFC.

Working Group information can be found at https://httpwg.org/; source code and issues list for this draft can be found at https://github.com/httpwg/http-extensions/labels/safe-method-w-body.

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

This Internet-Draft will expire on 17 October 2021.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

This specification updates the HTTP SEARCH method originally defined in [RFC5323].

Many existing HTTP-based applications use the HTTP GET and POST methods in various ways to implement the functionality provided by SEARCH.

Using a GET request with some combination of query parameters included within the request URI (as illustrated in the example below) is arguably the most common mechanism for implementing search in web applications. With this approach, implementations are required to parse the request URI into distinct path (everything before the '?') and query elements (everything after the '?'). The path identifies the resource processing the query (in this case 'http://example.org/feed') while the query identifies the specific parameters of the search operation.

A typical use of HTTP GET for requesting a search

GET /feed?q=foo&limit=10&sort=-published HTTP/1.1
Host: example.org

While there are definite advantages to using GET requests in this manner, the disadvantages should not be overlooked. Specifically:

As an alternative to using GET, many implementations make use of the HTTP POST method to perform queries, as illustrated in the example below. In this case, the input parameters to the search operation are passed along within the request payload as opposed to using the request URI.

A typical use of HTTP POST for requesting a search

POST /feed HTTP/1.1
Host: example.org
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

q=foo&limit=10&sort=-published

This variation, however, suffers from the same basic limitation as GET in that it is not readily apparent -- absent specific knowledge of the resource and server to which the request is being sent -- that a search operation is what is being requested. Web applications use the POST method for a wide variety of uses including the creation or modification of existing resources. Sending the request above to a different server, or even repeatedly sending the request to the same server could have dramatically different effects.

The SEARCH method provides a solution that spans the gap between the use of GET and POST. As with POST, the input to the query operation is passed along within the payload of the request rather than as part of the request URI. Unlike POST, however the semantics of the SEARCH method are specifically defined.

In this document, the key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

4. Examples

The non-normative examples in this section make use of a simple, hypothetical plain-text based query syntax based on SQL with results returned as comma-separated values. This is done for illustration purposes only. Implementations are free to use any format they wish on both the request and response.

4.1. Simple SEARCH with a Direct Response

A simple query with a direct response:

SEARCH /contacts HTTP/1.1
Host: example.org
Content-Type: text/query
Accept: text/csv

select surname, givenname, email limit 10

Response:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: text/csv

surname, givenname, email
Smith, John, john.smith@example.org
Jones, Sally, sally.jones@example.com
Dubois, Camille, camille.dubois@example.net

4.2. Simple SEARCH with indirect response (303 See Other)

A simple query with an Indirect Response (303 See Other):

SEARCH /contacts HTTP/1.1
Host: example.org
Content-Type: text/query
Accept: text/csv

select surname, givenname, email limit 10

Response:

HTTP/1.1 303 See Other
Location: http://example.org/contacts/query123

Fetch Query Response:

GET /contacts/query123 HTTP/1.1
Host: example.org

Response:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: text/csv

surname, givenname, email
Smith, John, john.smith@example.org
Jones, Sally, sally.jones@example.com
Dubois, Camille, camille.dubois@example.net

5. Security Considerations

The SEARCH method is subject to the same general security considerations as all HTTP methods as described in [RFC7231].

6. IANA Considerations

IANA is requested to update the registration of the SEARCH method in the permanent registry at <http://www.iana.org/assignments/http-methods> (see Section 8.1 of [RFC7231]).

Table 1
Method Name Safe Idempotent Specification
SEARCH Yes Yes Section 2

7. Normative References

[RFC2119]
Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC5323]
Reschke, J., Ed., Reddy, S., Davis, J., and A. Babich, "Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) SEARCH", RFC 5323, DOI 10.17487/RFC5323, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5323>.
[RFC7230]
Fielding, R., Ed. and J. Reschke, Ed., "Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Message Syntax and Routing", RFC 7230, DOI 10.17487/RFC7230, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7230>.
[RFC7231]
Fielding, R., Ed. and J. Reschke, Ed., "Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content", RFC 7231, DOI 10.17487/RFC7231, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7231>.
[RFC7232]
Fielding, R., Ed. and J. Reschke, Ed., "Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Conditional Requests", RFC 7232, DOI 10.17487/RFC7232, , <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7232>.

Authors' Addresses

Julian Reschke
greenbytes GmbH
Hafenweg 16
48155 Münster
Germany
Ashok Malhotra
James M Snell